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HAWK-PAM

HAWK-PAM - Petroleum Assessment Method

HAWK-PAM is a modified pyrolysis method developed by Wildcat Technologies to breakdown the oil yield (typically seen in S1) to carbon numbers and capture all the oil yield before measuring kerogen.  For HAWK-PAM, a ramp rate of 25°C is utilized to generate 5 petroleum peaks - four on oil fractions and one on kerogen.  These groupings correspond to carbon numbers (C4 through C37+).

HAWK-PAM pyrogram developed by Wildcat Technologies using HAWK Pyrolysis TOC Instrument
More detailed information:
Report image for HAWK-PAM multi-ramp method Application Note
Applications
  • Reservoir rocks characterization

  • Oil saturation determination

  • Fluid saturation discrimination from sorbed oil

  • Identification of sweet spots and pertinent frackable zones for landing laterals

Features

  • More accurate Oil yield which is broken into 4 different categories (Oil-1 through 4)

  • More accurate S2 peak because there is no volatilizable oil carryover

  • More accurate Tmax

  • Ability to run API Gravity prediction on rock

  • Utilize interpretation using our Shale Prospectivity Tool

Example of HAWK-PAM Results

HAWK-PAM Petroleum Assessment method result table showing breakdown of results across Oil 1 to Oil 4 for more accurate oil yields, better S2 peak with no oil carryover, more accurate Tmax
Advantages of HAWK-PAM method
  • Estimate Producible Oil in Place

  • Determine Fluid Saturation (Mobile oil)

  • Determine Sorbed oil (Immobile oil)

  • Identify the petroleum fractions of your oil (carbon number designation)

  • Predict API Gravity from drill cuttings and cores

Maturity Characteristics -
Comparing Classical Pyrolysis with HAWK-PAM

Example of Immature Pyrograms

Source Rock Characterization showing Immature Classical Pyrolysis and HAWK-PAM multi-ramp methods example

Example of Oil Window Pyrograms

Source Rock Characterization showing Oil Window Classical Pyrolysis and HAWK-PAM multi-ramp methods example

Example of Wet Gas or Condensate Pyrograms

Source Rock Characterization showing Wet Gas Condensate Classical Pyrolysis and HAWK-PAM multi-ramp methods example